Heartburn – Causes and remedies

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Acid Reflux, or as it is more commonly known, heartburn, is a condition caused by the movement of stomach acid up into the esophagus through the esophageal sphincter. The term ‘heartburn’ refers only to the burning sensation felt, not the condition itself.

A number of factors that contribute to either the overproduction, reaction or movement of the stomach acid into the esophagus that commonly causes acid reflux. Common symptoms include asthma, difficulty swallowing, chest pains, heartburn, dental erosion and regurgitation. It is usually caused by a defect in the lower esophageal sphincter, which allows unwanted acid to seep through from the stomach up towards the throat.

Acid reflux is easily treatable, however, if the underlying causes are not remedied, it will continue to occur. Underlying causes include the consumption of too many citrus fruits, overeating, fatty or oily foods, obesity poor diet, smoking and alcohol, and even pregnancy (usually confined to the third trimester).

Treatments for acid reflux include altering ones diet to a healthier alternative, cutting smoking and drinking habits, exercise and various acid suppressors or other vitamins.

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