Ebola Virus is yet another epidemic that has aggravated in the past year and gripped many parts of the world with terror. The World Health Organization describes it as “a severe, often fatal illness in humans.”Ebola Virus disease first appeared in 1976 in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The first Ebola outbreak occurred in a village near the Ebola River and that is how it got its name.
The disease is prevalent in tropical Central and West Africa and initially was known to have a 90 percent rate of mortality. The rate has dropped to 60 per cent but still is believed to be a fatal disease. The rate is still higher in African states which are more prone to this virus.
Although Ebola virus has been present for about 35 years, a fatal outbreak occurred in West Africa in March 2014 which caused a worldwide Ebola dilemma. The recent Ebola virus has proved to be very deadly and spread further into the world.
Once anyone is infected by this virus, he is capable of transmitting it further through contact. Mostly the transmission of Ebola virus occurs through the bodily fluids such as breast milk, saliva, feces, semen, sweat, urine, vomit etc.
Once infected with the virus, the symptoms of Ebola Virus disease may take as much as three weeks to appear. These signs of contact to the disease are:
- muscle pain
- stomach pain
- unexplained bleeding or bruising
If people are diagnosed with high fever, greater than 101.5 F, along with any of the aforementioned conditions, medical care and help must be sought as soon as possible.
How can this fatal disease be treated?
There is no cure or vaccine for Ebola Virus and only measures are available to keep the patient comfortable and keep the symptoms like fever in control. Ebola virus it treated by maintaining blood pressures through medications, managing balances of the essential electrolytes in the body, providing oxygen if needed, preventing dehydration and occurrence of other infections along with Ebola. The treatments respond differently in people since everyone has varying immunity levels. Some may recover with no complications and some may be left with after effects of Ebola virus e.g joint complications.
Severe precautionary measures must be taken to abstain from the transmission of Ebola Virus disease. It is important to know how to keep your body from contacting this virus especially if you live an area susceptible to this disease.