Could you be allergic to exercise?

 In Exercise

Exercise plays a vital role in our general well-being, however, many people don’t take too well to the idea. Exercise-induced anaphylaxis aka an allergic reaction to exercise could be that excuse every child at school has been dreaming of owning in order to get out of physical education.

What is exercise-induced anaphylaxis?

According to research in the Journal of Asthma and Allergy, there are two types of exercise-induced anaphylaxis. One occurs when physical activity results in an allergic reaction that may involve the skin, gastrointestinal tract and cardiovascular system.

The other is a food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis where one would need to ingest certain triggering foods and exercise in order to trigger an allergic reaction.

What are the symptoms?

Itching

Flushing

Hives

Wheezing

Nausea

Vomiting

Diarrhoea

Low blood pressure

What exactly triggers an allergic reaction?

Researchers cannot pinpoint the exact causes of an allergic reaction to exercise however, it may be that the increase in blood flow transport allergens from the gut around the body, possibly triggering an allergic reaction.

The types of foods responsible for reactions vary but cereals, nuts, fish, cow’s milk, beef, pork, tomatoes, chicken, mushrooms and snails have been reported to contribute to Exercise-induced anaphylaxis.

As for the intensity of exercise, according to research in the Journal of Asthma and Allergy, it varies among patients. Simple activities such as jogging or quick walking are known to cause a reaction.

Could you have it?

Before you get too excited about the possibility of getting out of exercising, that nausea you’re experiencing may just be nausea. Exercise-induced anaphylaxis is very rare. According to a study of over 76 000 adolescents in Japan, the estimated prevalence of the above mentioned two allergies are as low as 0.048. A thorough medical workup is required if you suspect that you have this rare-disorder.

How is it treated?

Treatment for exercise-induced anaphylaxis is quite the same as treatment for anaphylaxis in general: avoidance of the cause of the allergic reaction and an Epi-Pen. Those who have food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis do not need to avoid exercise, however, they should not eat any foods that may cause a reaction before exercise or within one hour after exercising.

The ability to exercise and move freely is a great privilege and seeing as the sunny season is here, take advantage of the beautiful weather and go exercise with a family member or friend. Never go and look for reasons not to be physically active.

 

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