5 Silent killers revealed – how to fight back

 In Health Dangers, Healthy Tips, Latest News

silent killers healthshare

  1. silent killers healthshareDiabetes

Diabetes causes devastation beyond having to inject yourself with insulin every day. Type 1 diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin and typically occurs in children and young adults while inactivity and obesity is strongly associated with the cause of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 is the silent killer we have to look out for especially as you can develop it due to an unhealthy lifestyle.

Diabetes leads to:

  • An increased risk of heart disease
  • Neuropathy in the feet which increases the chance of foot ulcers and ultimately amputation
  • Kidney failure
  • Constant urination
  • Blindness
  • Excessive thirst

Symptoms:

  • Excessive thirst for water
  • Sweating
  • Excessive urination
  • Failing sight
  • Extreme fatigue

Fight back:

  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Get active – exercise at least 30 minutes a day
  • Maintain a healthy diet
  • Check your risk of diabetes
  • Control your blood pressure

 

  1. High Blood pressure

High blood pressure occurs when blood flows through blood vessels at a higher pressure than is deemed normal by medical professionals. We usually aren’t aware of or pay attention to high blood pressure until it hits a turn for the worse thus making it one of the most dangerous silent killers out there.

High blood pressure leads to:

  • Damaged or hardened arteries which limits the amount of blood travelling to your organs
  • Your heart having to work harder in order to pump blood through damaged arteries
  • Pains in your chest
  • Kidney damage
  • Stroke
  • Vision loss

Symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Pulsations in your neck or head
  • Shortness of breath
  • Blurred vision

Fight back:

  • Visit your doctor regularly to check your blood pressure
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle with exercise and a healthy diet
  • Avoid an excessive intake in salt
  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Reduce stress
  • Realise your stress triggers and try to avoid them

 

  1. High cholesterol

While your body needs cholesterol to continue building healthy cells, a high cholesterol level can increase your risk of heart disease. Just like blood pressure, we don’t normally take notice of the building risk until it’s too late. It can be inherited but mainly it is simply poor lifestyle choices that lead to high cholesterol.

High cholesterol leads to:

  • Chest pain
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Decreased blood supply to the brain

Symptoms:

High cholesterol has no symptoms. You can only detect it through a blood test.

Fight back:

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Stop smoking
  • Get more exercise
  • Cut fatty foods
  • Keep an eye on the risk when suffering from diabetes

 

  1. Hepatitis A

Hepatitis can be described as an inflammation of the liver and can lead to fibrosis or liver cancer. There are 5 main hepatitis viruses namely A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis A and E are typically caused through the ingestion of contaminated food or water. Symptoms of hepatitis A do not occur until you’ve had the virus for several weeks.

Hepatitis A leads to:

  • Liver cancer or failure
  • A vaccination that may cause long term side effects
  • High liver damage that may impact the brain
  • Damage to the salivary glands causing dry mouth and eyes
  • High blood sugar

Symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort especially on the right side beneath your lower ribs
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes
  • Dark urine

Fight back:

  • Avoid unclean food and water
  • Wash your hands thoroughly after using the restroom
  • Avoid contaminated water and any food that came into contact with it
  • Use carbonated bottled water to brush your teeth and drink
  • Boil water to ensure that it is contamination free
  • Ask a medical professional about getting a hepatitis A immune globulin shot

 

  1. Skin Cancer/Malignant Melanoma

Many of us don’t realise the devastating effects of the sun until it’s too late. Melanoma is responsible for almost all of the deaths from skin cancer. Melanocytes are the cells which produce melanin and give skin its colour. UV light from the sun or tanning beds are the main causes of melanoma. Even though you got a bad sunburn as a child, it can still haunt you and turn into cancer as an adult.

Skin Cancer leads to:

  • Radiation treatment causes skin irritation
  • Skin changes colour
  • Hair loss
  • Nausea
  • Death

Symptoms:

  • Moles that changes in colour or size
  • Lesions with irregular border and some portions that appear blue-black
  • Moles or spots that itch
  • Any moles or abnormal spots on your skin that may cause concern

Fight back:

  • Never leave the house in summer without quality sunscreen. Sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher should work
  • Stay in the shade whenever possible
  • Wear a hat when in the sun
  • Don’t use UV tanning beds
  • Wear UV-blocking sunglasses

Mainly a lifestyle change can make a big difference. Don’t let yourself go lest you want to face serious consequences.

 

 

 

 

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